Pediatric NCLEX Practice Questions

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Pediatric NCLEX Questions

25 NCLEX Style Practice Questions Related to Pediatrics

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1. The mother whose child is generally alert and participates well in classroom activities is concerned that the teacher now reported that the child has frequent periods during the day when he appears to be staring off into space. The nurse should suspect that the child has which problem?

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2. A mother of a child with mumps calls the health care clinic to tell the nurse that the child has been lethargic and vomiting. What instruction should the nurse give to the mother?

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3. A child is admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis. The child has been experiencing fever, malaise, anorexia, and a headache. Which diagnostic study will confirm the diagnosis?

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4. An adolescent is hospitalized with a diagnosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). The nurse anticipates that which medication will be prescribed?

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5. The nurse caring for a child diagnosed with kidney disease is analyzing the child’s laboratory results and notes a sodium level of 148 mEq/L (148 mmol/L). On the basis of this finding, which clinical manifestation should the nurse expect to note in the child?

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6. A child was diagnosed with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and renal insufficiency. Which laboratory result should the nurse expect to note in the child?

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7. A home care nurse visits a child with a diagnosis of celiac disease. Which finding best indicates that a gluten-free diet is being maintained and has been effective?

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8. A child is admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and diagnostic studies are performed. Which diagnostic result is indicative of this disorder?

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9. The camp nurse provides instructions regarding skin protection from the sun to the parents who are preparing their children for a camping adventure. Which statement by a parent indicates a need for further instructions?

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10. The nurse is providing instructions to the parent of a child who had a myringotomy with insertion of tympanostomy tubes. Which instructions should the nurse provide the parent in case the tubes fall out?

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11. The nurse is providing discharge instructions to the mother of an 8-year-old child who had a tonsillectomy. The mother tells the nurse that the child loves tacos and asks when the child can safely eat one. To prevent complications of the surgical procedure, what should be the appropriate response to the mother?

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12. A child with a diagnosis of umbilical hernia has been scheduled for surgical repair in 2 weeks. The clinic nurse instructs the parents about the signs of possible hernia strangulation. The nurse tells the parents that which sign requires primary health care provider notification?

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13. Which comment made by the parents of a male infant who will have a surgical repair of a hernia indicates a need for further teaching by the nurse?

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14. The nurse is creating a plan of care for a newborn diagnosed with bilateral club feet. Which information should the nurse plan to include in the parents education?

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15. The mother of the child diagnosed with Kawasaki disease asks the nurse about the disorder. On which description of this disorder should the nurse base the response to the mother?

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16. The parents of a child with mumps express concern that their child will develop orchitis as a result of having mumps. What characteristic of this complication should the nurse discuss with the parents?

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17. After a cleft lip repair, the nurse instructs the parents about cleaning of the lip repair site. The nurse should plan to use which solution when demonstrating this procedure to the parents?

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18. An infant has been found to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive. When teaching condition-specific care, which action should the nurse instruct the mother to take to minimize the child’ risk for condition- related injury?

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19. The clinic nurse provides home care instructions to a mother regarding the care of her child who is diagnosed with croup. Which statement by the mother indicates the need for further instructions?

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20. The nurse caring for a child admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of viral pneumonia describes the treatment plan to the parents. The nurse determines the need for further teaching when the parents make which statement regarding the treatment?

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21. A parent reports that her child has developed a bloody nose. Which action should the nurse instruct the parent to take to control the bleeding?

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22. The nurse is preparing a plan of care for a child diagnosed with leukemia who is beginning chemotherapy. Which intervention should the nurse include?

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23. The nurse is caring for an infant admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of hemolytic disease. Which finding should the nurse expect to note in this infant when reviewing the laboratory results?

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24. The nurse develops a plan of care for a 1-month-old infant diagnosed with intussusception. Which nursing measure would be most effective to provide psychosocial support for the parent–child relationship?

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25. The mother of a child with celiac disease asks the nurse how long a special diet is necessary. The nurse provides which instruction to the mother to promote dietary compliance?

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